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Инновации, искусство и дизайн в Великобритании

Studying Art & Design in the UK

Introduction
The UK is a world centre for innovation and easy access to the highest-quality creative, visual and performing arts.
Competition for a career in the arts is fierce, but students in London have the best possible start by learning in a culturally-diverse and inspirational environment, with internationally-recognised programmes and teachers.
 
There are literally hundreds of museums and galleries to visit in London, and students’ work and future careers really benefit from the exposure and experience they gain in this pulsating heart of Europe. British artists, designers and performers are well-known for their originality and innovation. Students of the creative arts in the UK follow in the footsteps of world-renowned fashion designers, like Steve McQueen, Paul Smith, Stella McCartney and Vivienne Westwood; artists like Anish Kapoor, Damien Hirst, Tracey Emin and the Britart Group; and innumerable actors and actresses like Helen Mirren, Brenda Blethyn, Julie Christie, Hugh Grant and the much-loved Sasha Baron Cohen!

The London experience offers students over 300 museums and art galleries, 63 theatres, 400 live music venues, 30,000 shops, 6000 restaurants and 13 professional football teams! Many universities offer work placements and internships in design studios, fashion houses and media organisations, where students combine theoretical knowledge with practical experience and the know-how that can only be gained through personal contact. London is a great place for these kinds of opportunities.

Starting out – The Portfolio
Students are selected for places in UK university art/design departments not only on the basis of their academic achievements, but – sometimes most importantly – on the basis of their portfolio of artwork which must be submitted before a place on a programme can be offered. It is important to understand that a student may have high grades in his or her high school exams, but if the portfolio is not at the required standard, a place on the university programme will not be offered.

The student’s portfolio of artwork functions a bit like a visiting card. As well as finished pieces of work, the portfolio will include sketches and drawings that demonstrate how the student’s ideas were developed. Often the preparatory work is “fresher” and more spontaneous than the finished piece and explains the ideas and processes involved. The portfolio should demonstrate the level of the student’s drawing ability and understanding of how ideas are communicated visually, using different media that might illustrate a particular curiosity or passion – for example, work with textiles, wood, ceramics as well as sketches, drawings and paintings. A portfolio will give a clear indication of the level and range of a student’s work and reflect the student’s identity as an Artist or Designer. The university assessor will look at a portfolio to see why this student should be selected for the programme.

Portfolios typically contain between 20-30 samples of artwork in different media, completed over a period of about two years. This enables the assessor to understand how the individual has developed over time and how ideas have changed and evolved.

At Middlesex University we prefer to view portfolios on websites like http://www.flickr.com
 or http://picasa.google.com which makes the process quicker and easier. We also accept CDs or USBs, but an application form should always accompany a portfolio so we can see everything about a student before we start viewing her or his work.

Many UK universities also offer a one-year Art and Design Foundation programme. At Middlesex, for example, we offer a 12-week Intensive Foundation in Art and Design (IFAD) and a 12-week Intensive Foundation in Digital Arts (IFDA). These courses are intended for students whose portfolios need a little extra work before they can be admitted to the BA programme itself.

Teaching
In the UK we teach students in their first year, but our aim is to develop artists and designers who think for themselves and are not dependent upon a tutor for ideas. For this reason, the first year is often spent in classes or with the tutors’ close attention, but by the time a student reaches the second year of the programme he is very often left alone to carry out some independent work and develop his own ideas. He will still benefit from the guidance and supervision of a tutor, but there is less ‘teaching’ and more ‘supervision’  as the student finds his own individual style and way of expressing his ideas.

Many international students nowadays want entry into the second or the third year of a BA programme in the UK. This is only possible if they can demonstrate by means of their portfolio that they have developed the level of maturity and independence required at this level. It is not enough just to transfer credits; we need to see how a student has developed her own analytical thinking and practice in order to allow her into an advanced stage of the programme.

At postgraduate (Master’s level), the emphasis is less on finding a means of expression, and more on critical thinking and researching one’s professional area of practice.  For example, a graduate of Fashion might want to research a particular problem in fashion design, or a graphic artist may have questions he wants to address in the visual communications industry. The 12-month MA or the 24-month MFA allows students to research their areas and resolve problems that they have identified.
The final project may be a research thesis, or it may be a piece of finished work. 

Apart from the very popular areas like Fashion, Graphics and Interior Design, there re some very unusual programmes which students may not have considered. Middlesex University has been a pioneer in the emerging discipline of Sonic Arts since the establishment of the UK's first BA in Sonic Arts in 1997, the first degree programme of its kind in the UK. Sonic Arts explores the creation of art works through the medium of sound. It is an unusual degree programme aimed at unusual students - people who wish to study sound design in its broadest sense and, particularly, in its creative applications rather than in the traditional areas of music, sound engineering or acoustics. Sonic artists work closely with colleagues in other areas of art and design to provide not only a unique and broadly based learning experience, but to offer comprehensive opportunities for the development of personal practice in both technologically mediated art in general and sound-based art in particular. Today Sonic Arts is a component of our Fine Arts programme.

Another truly unique course is Middlesex’s BA Fashion Design, Styling & Promotion programme. This was designed especially for the person who dreams of a career in Fashion as a stylist, show producer or art director, or who wants to work with words, graphics, photography and image-making to create magazine editorials and the promotion, presentation, branding and packaging of Fashion - in other words, all the exciting things that go on within Fashion after the clothes have been made.
Two special features of the programme are the first year which introduces students to fashion through a series of Fashion Awareness projects, and also offers the opportunity to explore photography, illustration, graphics skills, portfolio presentation, show production, promotion and exhibition. The second feature is the 6-week work experience in the second year when students work with a designer, practitioner, show producer or PR company.

Our vibrant Art and Design department is a creative community led by artists, designers and practitioners who inspire and challenge students in a friendly and enjoyable environment. The facilities are excellent, following the development of a new wing on our North London campus which was made possible by an £80-million investment. This new facility opens in September 2011.

Research
ADRI (the Art and Design Research Institute) was created in the UK in June 2007. This Institute oversees all the Art and Design research and the work of the History of Art and Design Group which is undertaken at doctoral level. ADRI embraces a rich and diverse range of research and business activities, with a remit to maintain and improve research quality and enhance the visibility of research achievements. ADRI also contributes to Design Advanced Research Training (DART), a shared doctoral training scheme linking several universities.

Art and Design research activities in the UK are wide-ranging and diverse. Middlesex University’s activities include the concept of interactivity, sound and moving image, locative media, technology and performance and spatial audio. Students and staff at the renowned Lansdown Centre for Electronic Arts regularly contribute to international publications, exhibitions and performances. Their work has been shown in all the major European cities and in over twenty-five non-EU countries.

One project involves the development of a website which provides a unique record of the pioneering work of cybernetic sculptor Edward Ihnatowicz compiled by Alex Zivanovic a Visiting Scholar at Middlesex. Alex Zivanovic is a world authority on the work of Ihnatowicz; his research focuses on The Senster, a robot that reacts to the sound and movement of the people around it. Alex’s work has a historical and a developmental aspect: to investigate the pioneering 1960s and 70s work in robotics as art, and to develop his own investigations of how people react to robots.

Other recent activities include theoretical, historical, practical and industrial projects, for example: international curatorial work in areas such as photography and the digital image, innovative development of sonic arts, explorations of location-based audio drama with the BBC, interactive guidance for pedestrians with London Transport, the develop of novel techniques using a patented silver alloy developed at Middlesex, projects concerning diaspora communities, globalization, and the role of art and design practices in local and national cultural formations.

Some of our more famous art and design alumni include Turner Prize winner Anish Kapoor, fashion illustrator Richard Gray, former UK Jewellery designer of the Year Sarah Jordan, and designers with their own successful labels such as Boudicca, House of Jazz, Ally Capellino and Ashley Isham.  However, it’s not just the famous names – many more of our graduates are achieving success in their careers as they continue to push the boundaries or art and design. Our graduates have worked with Attik, the BBC, Italian Vogue, Karl Lagerfeld, Kylie Minogue, The Sunday Times Magazine, Vivienne Westwood and Zoo.

Students consistently vote our facilities as amongst the best for Art and Design in London. They include a £300,000 state-of-the-art digital darkroom containing 45 Apple Mac workstations and professional photographic printers – one of the most advanced suites available for University students nationwide. We also offer a digital media workshop with 55 dual screen workstations as well as DVD and video editing facilities. There is a photographic studio, specialist equipment for the creation of jewellery, a letterpress and a fully equipped print workshop for use with screenprinting, etching, engraving and stone litho and an Art library which includes over 75,000 publications.
Our 2010 Graduate Fashion Show and the 2010 Graduate Art Show can be viewed on video, as can our new “home” which we will move to in September 2011.

As in most UK university art departments, the tutors are professional artists and designers who demonstrate to students on a daily basis what they have achieved themselves. Jonathan Hodgson, Senior Lecturer in Animation, has been nominated for a BAFTA award twice and directed many commercials for household products such as Persil, Dove and Rotary. He has also published six books on the topic of animation, as well as being involved in for British TV Channel 4 documentaries.
Gillian Charles, Head of Fashion, learnt her technical skills from a student of the Balenciaga atelier, when Christobel Balenciaga himself was there. Other academic staff include Richard Sorger who produces and sells worldwide his own collection of exclusive hand-embellished garments; Janice Turner whose company “Field Grey” focuses on uniforms; Meg Osborne and Lucy Fine who are both very successful stylists and Ebru Ercon who was seconded to work with Hussein Chalayan. Some of our technicians have worked with designers like Marios Schwab and Vivienne Westwood.

Take a look at the video of Middlesex University’s Graduate Fashion Show in 2010 at http://www.play.mdx.ac.uk/videos/7q4g, or our Art & Design Graduate Show at http://www.play.mdx.ac.uk/videos/1am8.




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